This piece of birch pitch from Syltholm preserved Lola's entire genome. (Illustration by Tom Björklund) Scientists also found DNA that could be related to the Epstein-Barr virus, underlining … Legal Statement. It was so well-preserved that a group of scientists at the University of Copenhagen were able to extract a complete ancient human genome — all of the young girl's genetic material — from it. The birch pitch ‘chewing gum’. You will receive a verification email shortly. Armed with this information, an artist’s impression of the woman, dubbed "Lola," was created. Overall, Lola’s oral … And, since remains on the ancient chewing gum contain duck and hazelnuts, Lola was likely a forager, too, despite the fact she lived during the Early Neolithic when agriculture … Visit our corporate site. Thanks to the tooth … Five thousand and seven hundred years ago, "Lola" — a blue-eyed woman with dark skin and hair — was chewing on a piece of pitch derived from heating birch bark. ©2021 FOX News Network, LLC. "What is more, we also retrieved DNA from oral microbes and several important human pathogens, which makes this a very valuable source of ancient DNA, especially for time periods where we have no human remains. The black stuff might have been used to calm hunger pains, as chewing gum does today, or as a toothbrush of sorts. Researchers believe that the woman likely had dark skin, dark hair and blue eyes. She was lactose intolerant and may have suffered from gum … Legal Statement. A team at the University of Copenhagen has now extracted the complete genome of a human female from a piece of ancient ‘chewing gum’. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed. ", EXPERTS HARNESS TECH TO RECONSTRUCT FACE OF 'WITCH' WHO DIED OVER 300 YEARS AGO. There must be a correlation to the migration patterns of ancient briton, as "cheddar man" and DNA samples of a woman (both ancient britons) had dark skin and blue eyes. It may also help explain how bacteria and viruses have changed over time. La cloche ! "It is amazing to have gotten a complete ancient human genome from anything other than bone," project leader Hannes Schroeder, an associate professor at the University of Copenhagen’s Globe Institute, said in a statement. An artist's reconstruction of 'Lola,' who lived on an island in the Baltic Sea 5,700 years ago. Get a daily look at what’s developing in science and technology throughout the world. All rights reserved. The 5,700-year-old chewing gum was so well-preserved that scientists have been able to reconstruct the entire genome of the Neolithic girl who chewed it. ‘Chewing the same old chewing gum’ is how farmers describe PM’s latest message. By Lola, however, had been eating duck and hazelnuts before she started chewing on birch pitch, based on additional DNA found in the birch sample. The DNA sample is from someone from Denmark. This is the first time that an entire human genome was extracted from something other than human bones, according to a statement from the University of Copenhagen. Scientists in Denmark have reconstructed a Neolithic female using a 5,700-year-old piece of chewing gum. But previously, pieces of birch pitch have been found with tooth marks, so archeologists think that as the pitch cools and solidified, it was chewed to make it moldable again before using it to glue. Quotes displayed in real-time or delayed by at least 15 minutes. Finally, the researchers found DNA from oral microbes in the chewing gum, including DNA that could belong to the Epstein-Barr virus, which causes mononucleosis, otherwise known as "mono" or the "kissing disease.". The Stone Age archaeological site, Syltholm, on the island of Lolland, pristinely preserved the gum in mud for the thousands of years after Lola discarded it. The ancient chewing gum also held traces of plant and animal DNA, such as DNA from hazelnuts and duck, which might have been part of Lola's diet, according to the statement. Live Science is part of Future US Inc, an international media group and leading digital publisher. The gum was found in Denmark (Image: Google) The young lady had dark skin, brown hair and blue eyes. DNA clues in the toothmarks reveal the species with which Lola … There was a problem. 18 December 2019. The study authors named the woman Lola. She’s been named Lola and, using DNA discovered in a piece of birch … The scientists that reconstructed Lola’s genome write in their research paper that birch tar … Future US, Inc. 11 West 42nd Street, 15th Floor, An artist’s reconstruction of Lola, a woman who chewed the Syltholm birch pitch. All rights reserved. The reason we know any of this is because she chewed … Lola Nayar 25 December 2020 Facebook Twitter Google + Linkedin Whatsapp She likely hailed from Syltholm on Lolland, a Danish island in the … ♡ La cloche ! As chewing gum should be. But calculus is a long-term record of the tiny organisms that live in your mouth; the DNA Lola left behind in her chewing gum is more like a snapshot. NY 10036. This is an artistic reconstruction of Lola, a 5,700-year-old woman whose appearance was reconstructed from DNA analysis of a chewed piece of birch pitch. According to some recent scientific report Europeans were dark-skinned until 8,000 years ago. She's been named Lola and, using DNA discovered in a piece of birch pitch, researchers have unraveled incredible facts about prehistoric humans. Artistic reconstruction of Lola… (Illustration by Tom Björklund). Some of the bacteria detected in the pitch indicated signs of gum disease, which may be why Lola — named for where she was found on Lolland — was chewing it. Her last meal included hazelnuts and mallard duck but no milk - she couldn't stomach dairy. Ben Bolton. Powered and implemented by FactSet Digital Solutions. An artist's impression of the Stone Age woman dubbed "Lola." In addition to Lola’s genetic story, the international team of researchers was also able to identify the DNA of plants and animals she had likely recently consumed with the help of Ancient Chewing Gum DNA. Ancient "chewing gums" are a relatively new source of DNA to analyze, and can help reveal the microbiome of our ancestors. Anyway - they say the earliest britons were dark skinned with blue eyes. Fascinating. Birch pitch is a substance made by heating birch bark. Thank you for signing up to Live Science. Birch pitch might also have been used for toothbrushing, to suppress hunger or even just for fun as chewing gum, according to the statement. Tom Björklund An artistic reconstruction of Lola, a hunter-gatherer who lived in Europe 5,700 years ago and chewed … Some anthropologist think that white skinned people came to mainland Europe from outside and white skin gene mixed with native Europeans by intermarriage and later white skinned become dominant by colonization. Birch pitch is a black-brown substance obtained by heating birch … Stone Age chewing gum preserves girl’s DNA 00:46 Thanks to a 5,700-year-old piece of "chewing gum," the entire genome of a neolithic human has been obtained and analyzed. Fox News Flash top headlines for Dec. 17 are here. While samples of birch pitch … This 5,700 year-old material was … Scientific and technological advances offer a fascinating glimpse into the past. ©2021 FOX News Network, LLC. Lola, a young girl who lived in … Five thousand and seven hundred years ago, "Lola" — a blue-eyed woman with dark skin and hair — was chewing on a piece of pitch derived from heating birch bark. Marine et Lola vous présentent une recette DIY de chewing-gum multicolore ! “It can help us understand how pathogens have evolved and spread over time, and what makes them particularly virulent in a given environment,” Schroeder said. A dark-haired woman named Lola The analysis revealed that the person who chewed the 2-centimeter piece of gum was a woman with dark skin, dark hair, and blue eyes. © ", DNA DISCOVERY IDENTIFIES LIVING DESCENDANTS OF BIBLICAL CANAANITES, The birch pitch discovered in Southern Denmark. DNA Found in 5,700-Year-Old Chewing Gum Helps Recreate Image of Stone Age Woman By. But real chewing gum made out of chicle, a natural gum base from the Sapodilla tree, without artificial flavors or sugar. Please deactivate your ad blocker in order to see our subscription offer. Artistic reconstruction of the person behind the ancient gum, whom researchers have dubbed Lola. "At the same time, it may help predict how a pathogen will behave in the future, and how it might be contained or eradicated.". Lola, a young girl who lived in Denmark 5,700 years ago, had blue eyes, dark skin and dark hair. Please refresh the page and try again. Additionally, the group of international researchers was able to find Lola… Mutual Fund and ETF data provided by Refinitiv Lipper. 5,700 year old 'chewing gum' reveals entire genetic code of stone age woman Save 'Lola' had dark hair and blue eyes and recently ate a meal of duck and hazelnuts Credit: Artistic … Stay up to date on the coronavirus outbreak by signing up to our newsletter today. An artist's impression of the Stone Age woman dubbed "Lola." The team's analysis revealed that the chewer of the prehistoric gum was female, and likely had dark skin, dark hair and blue eyes. Digging into Lola’s DNA. Credits: Science alert. Market data provided by Factset. It may also have simply been chewed in the same way modern humans chew gum. The team nicknamed the young Neolithic woman "Lola" after Lolland, the island in Denmark on which the 5,700-year-old chewing gum was discovered. or redistributed. Related: In Images: An Ancient European Hunter Gatherer. Other previous archeological finds from the site had suggested "that the people who occupied the site were heavily exploiting wild resources well into the Neolithic, which is the period when farming and domesticated animals were first introduced into southern Scandinavia," lead author Theis Jensen, a postdoctoral fellow from the Globe Institute at the University of Copenhagen, said in the statement. DNA analysis revealed that the birch pitch was chewed by a female, who is described as genetically closer to hunter-gatherers from mainland Europe than the inhabitants of Scandinavia at that time. A study on the research is published in the journal Nature Communications. (Photo: Theis Jensen). DNA analysis of this prehistoric "chewing gum" has now revealed, in remarkable detail, what she looked like. They were also able to extract DNA from ancient pathogens and oral microbes that she carried in her mouth. I'm not sure why anyone is not picking up on this. Good for your teeth and the planet. Thousands of years ago, a young Neolithic woman in what is now Denmark chewed on a piece of birch pitch. Neolithic chewing gum helps recreate image of ancient Dane Analysis of birch tar describes a female hunter-gatherer with dark skin and blue eyes Artistic reconstruction of … The scientists, while not dumb, could not understand why she talked like a woman and walked like a man. Maybe the dark skin was vestigal as migration moved away from africa and blue eyes were an adaptation. The findings were published on Dec. 17 in the journal Nature Communications. Skin color change happened later in history. La cloche ! Thousands of years ago, a young Neolithic woman in what is now Denmark chewed on a piece of birch pitch. … Market data provided by Factset. Check out what's clicking on Foxnews.com, Scientists at the University of Copenhagen have extracted a Stone Age woman’s DNA from 5,700-year-old “chewing gum.”. Quotes displayed in real-time or delayed by at least 15 minutes. Image credit: Tom Björklund. "It can help us understand how pathogens have evolved and spread over time, and what makes them particularly virulent in a given environment," senior author Hannes Schroeder, an associate professor from the Globe Institute at the University of Copenhagen, said in a statement. Scientists in Denmark have reconstructed a Neolithic female using a 5,700-year-old piece of chewing gum. When Christianity arrived in Europe it boosted the speed of colonization and remaining native Europeans were cleared through ethnic cleansing. Yasemin Saplakoglu - Staff Writer Other theories suggest that people chewed the slightly antiseptic birch pitch to relieve toothaches or other illnesses. Why does she have (according to the DNA reconstruction) have dark hair & skin?? In 2017, for example, experts in Scotland used 3D-technology to reconstruct the face of an 18th century "witch. "At the same time, it may help predict how a pathogen will behave in the future, and how it might be contained or eradicated. ♡ Hello les Roses ! The ancient chewing gum acted as a time capsule, storing information about … And the reason we know any of this is because she chewed on birch pitch, a material that functioned a bit like an ancient chewing gum. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, Finally, scientists found genes associated with "lactase non-persistence," meaning Lola likely didn't digest dairy very well. Powered and implemented by FactSet Digital Solutions. New York, This Is 'Lola,' a 5,700-Year-Old Woman Whose Entire Life Is … 1st preserved dinosaur butthole is 'perfect' and 'unique,' paleontologist says, Massive new dinosaur might be the largest creature to ever roam Earth, Upward-shooting 'blue jet' lightning spotted from International Space Station, 1,500-year-old 'Christ, born of Mary' inscription discovered in Israel, Giant worms terrorized the ancient seafloor from hidden death traps, Cancer vaccine helped keep melanoma under control for years in small study, Ice covers the Sahara Desert for just 4th time in 50 years. Scientists also found DNA that could be related to the Epstein-Barr virus, underlining how items such as the Stone Age "chewing gum" could offer insight into the development of human pathogens. Photograph by Image by Tom Bjorklund She lived on an island in the Baltic Sea around 3,700 B.C. I find this interesting, I thought heavy pigment was correlated with sun protection, and blue eyes were a feature of colder northern climates with low need for sun protection. This substance has been used since the Paleolithic era as glue for hafting stone tools, according to the statement. The birch pitch is a blackish-brown substance that's created by heating up birch bark. Researchers successfully extracted a complete human genome from the birch pitch, which was found in Southern Denmark. Scientists in Denmark have squeaked out an entire human genome from a prehistoric piece of “chewing gum.” Made from birch tar, the 5,700-year-old ... Lola was a Neolithic female who … They found that Lola's genes matched more closely to hunter-gatherers from the European mainland than those who lived in central Scandinavia at the time. Follow James Rogers on Twitter @jamesjrogers. Lola, a young girl who lived in Denmark 5,700 years ago, had blue eyes, dark skin, and dark hair. The “gum” is made from birch pitch, according to researchers, and was once chewed by the Stone Age woman. It is known from genetics that early Europeans were dark skinned and dark haired. ", Follow James Rogers on Twitter @jamesjrogers. (CNN) — Lola, a young girl who lived in Denmark 5,700 years ago, had blue eyes, dark skin and dark hair. Re skin / hair & eye colour. You've successfully subscribed to this newsletter! Her last meal included hazelnuts and mallard duck but no milk — she … https://www.livescience.com/ancient-chewing-gum-reconstructs-lola.html I find it amazing that someone would think to preserve that piece of birch bark after finding it in the mud. An artist has made a reconstruction of the woman, who has been nicknamed "Lola" This is the face of a woman who lived 6,000 years ago in Scandinavia. Mutual Fund and ETF data provided by Refinitiv Lipper. Of DNA to analyze, and can help reveal the microbiome of our.! 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