Ploughshare Tortoise The Ploughshare Tortoise or Angonoka (Astrochelys yniphora) is considered to be the rarest tortoise in the world. The radiated tortoise has a starry pattern on its shell, very similar to the Indian star tortoise, and the ploughshare has a protective neck plate below its chin shaped like the blade of a … [12] In May 1996, 75 tortoises were stolen from the facility. [1], In the wild, this species is only found in Madagascar, where it is endemic to the dry forests in the Baly Bay area of northwestern Madagascar, near the town of Soalala (including Baie de Baly National Park). [15], In 2016 poaching intensified, including a foiled attempt to raid the captive breeding centre (a raid in 1996 had 75 tortoises looted). Wildscreen's Arkive project was launched in 2003 and grew to become the world's biggest encyclopaedia of life on Earth. Plowshare tortoises can sell for $60,000. The angonoka tortoise is often captured to be sold in the international pet trade. [22] The project ultimately was a success, achieving 224 captive-bred juveniles out of 17 adults in December 2004. [18], It is expected to become sexually mature once reaching 15 years old. The flora includes shrubbery usually under 2 m (6 ft 7 in) in height, such as Bauhinia and Terminalia species, and Perrierbambus madagascariensis bamboo, which forms dense thickets. This bag was said to belong to a transit passenger, who arrived from Madagascar and flew to Kathmandu leaving this bag behind. The carapace is highly domed and light brown in colour with prominent growth rings on each scute. For millions of years, the ploughshare tortoise (Astrochelys yniphora) has borne witness to the history of its only home on the planet: Madagascar.The tortoise was around when humans first settled Madagascar 2,000 years ago, persisting through the establishment of trading … The carapace is highly domed and light brown in colour with prominent growth rings on each scute. This large and attractive tortoise is one of the rarest tortoises on the planet. MAXIMUM ADULT SIZE: 5" - 6" DIET: Dark, leafy greens, brightly colored flowers, veggies, and fruits. Adult males range from 36.1 to 48.6 cen­time­ters (mean 41.5 cm). Angonoka tortoise is part of WikiProject Turtles, an attempt at creating a standardized, informative, comprehensive and easy-to-use turtle resource. Your email address will not be published. The Critically Endangered ploughshare tortoise is endemic to Madagascar, with a known range potentially as small as 25 km2! [2][12][13] The distribution is 25 to 60 km2 (9.7 to 23.2 sq mi) in range around Baly Bay. Joined Feb 15, 2011 Messages 36. i was thinking of getting a ploughshare tortoise, should i get it or not. The ploughshare tortoise is a critically endangered species of tortoise endemic to Madagascar. Angonoka Tortoise, Angonoka, Madagascar Tortoise, Madagascar Angulated Tortoise, Shell is brown while head and snout are black to different shades of brown; area around the ear has yellow spots; neck, limbs and tail are generally brown with some yellow; yellow underside with some brown, Savanna, mangrove swamps, dry deciduous forest. [14], In 1999 Smith et al. [24], On 12 June 2016, it was reported that 6 angonoka tortoises and 72 radiated tortoises had gone missing from a breeding facility in Thailand. [5], The angonoka tortoise (A. yniphora) and the radiated tortoise (A. radiata) are the only species in the genus Astrochelys. Image size. Make sure this fitsby entering your model number. They concluded that the Cape Sada population, which was split into 3 subpopulations by Juvik et al. Quick Facts. Required fields are marked *. This fits your. It is also known to eat shrubs, forbs, and herbs. One of the world’s rarest tortoises, the ploughshare tortoise, is about to become extinct. Project Angonoka developed conservation plans that involved local communities making firebreaks, along with the creation of a park to protect the tortoise and the forests. [2], The name angonoka comes from the Malagasy word used as the local name of the species. The shells of two confiscated ploughshare tortoises were engraved at the Singapore Zoo in December. did not provide a total population estimate, but based on their research a population of 400–1500 tortoises could be extrapolated. Its population is fast declining with an estimated 600 individuals left in the wild. In October, the Turtle Conservancy helped mark the shells of 150 Burmese star tortoises in Myanmar. Following efforts to create firebreaks through controlled fires in savanna fringes by conservation groups, out-of-control fires have decreased, until less than 50 ha (120 acres) of its habitat were burnt in 2004. This species was originally described in 1885 by French zoologist Léon Vaillant, who proposed it as the species Testudo yniphora based on the distinguished shape of the anterior part of the plastron. Temperature of 75F - 85F with basking area of mid 90sF. In 2004 Pedroso used a Population Viability Analysis to predict it would be extinct (in the wild, presumably) by 2014 to 2019. Males are larger than females, reaching a carapace length up to 17 in (43 cm). [1] The shell is quite large compared to its overall body size, however, this tortoise doesn’t have any problems with movement. [6][7] The parent family for Astrochelys is Testudinidae, the tortoise family. The chance to observe and photograph this beautiful species was one of the highlights of my 2015 trip to Madagascar. Though some enforcement of restrictions on illegal trade is successful, including the confiscation of the illegally obtained tortoises, they remain in incredibly high demand for the global pet trade. [23], On 20 March 2016, the Custom officials at Mumbai airport seized 146 tortoises from a mishandled baggage of a Nepal citizen. The thieves were never found, but 33 tortoises later appeared for sale in the Netherlands. For the conservation of the angonoka tortoise, the Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust created Project Angonoka in 1986. Smith et al. [1], The Baly Bay region is made up of savanna, mangrove swamps, and dry deciduous forest. [1], In March 2013, smugglers were arrested after carrying a single bag containing 54 angonoka tortoises and 21 radiated tortoises (Astrochelys radiata) through Suvarnabhumi International Airport in Thailand. in 1999 and Pedroso in 2000 ranged from 440 to 770 (giving an average of around 600). By 2005 the DWCT release programme had been significantly expanded and by 2011 the first baby tortoises had been born in the wild from captive-bred and released animals. Adult fe­males range from 30.7 to 42.6 cen­time­ters long (mean 37 cm). [4] It is also known as the angonoka, ploughshare tortoise, Madagascar tortoise, or Madagascar angulated tortoise. Article was last reviewed on 7th June 2019. The elevation of this area is under 50 m (160 ft) above sea level. The gular scute of the plastron projects forward between the front legs and curves upward toward the neck. Geochelone yniphora, Ploughshare Tortoise, Plowshare Tortoise, Angulated Tortoise, Angonoka. Monitoring of the angonoka tortoise in the global pet trade has continued to be advocated. Smith et al., 1999; Andrianandrasana, The golden-domed ploughshare tortoise lives at a single remote site in Madagascar and due to illegal poaching is the most threatened tortoise on the planet Profile The rarest species are often the less well known, but our species profiles are here to … It is found only in the dry forests of the Baly Bay area of northwestern Madagascar, near the town of Soalala (including Baie de Baly National Park).A captive-breeding facility was established in 1986 by the Jersey Wildlife Preservation Trust (now the Durrell Trust) in collaboration with the Water and Forests Department. Please note that the statue is a decorative collection, not a toy. in 1981, in which they estimated the total wild population to be a few hundred, based on a population density of around five tortoises per km2 and a potential range of approximately 100 km2 (39 sq mi) in suitable habitat. [10] The gular scute of the plastron projects forward between the front legs and curves upward toward the neck. [1], The first population surveys of this species were performed by Juvik & Blanc in 1974 and Juvik et al. "Captive Husbandry and Conservation of the Madagascar Ploughshare Tortoise, "Status and distribution of the angonoka tortoise (Geochelone yniphora) of western Madagascar", "Help Protect the Ploughshare Tortoise from a Poaching Crisis", "Conservationists Urge Swift Action to Save Ploughshare Tortoise", "Reproductive Ecology and Egg Production of the Radiated Tortoise (, "To Save Endangered Tortoises, Conservationists Deface Their Shells", "Largest seizure of Critically Endangered Ploughshare Tortoises made in Thailand", "146 tortoises seized at Mumbai airport from a Nepali national", "78 Rare Tortoises Stolen from Breeding Center", "Turtles of the world, 2010 update: Annotated checklist of taxonomy, synonymy, distribution and conservation status", Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, turtles of the world 2017 update: Annotated checklist and atlas of taxonomy, synonymy, distribution, and conservation status, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Angonoka_tortoise&oldid=997100556, IUCN Red List critically endangered species, Species endangered by habitat fragmentation, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 December 2020, at 00:40. [1] There may be less than 400 of these tortoises left in the wild. Another reason why the Angonoka might go extinct is that the species is concentrated only in one area. Astrochelys is attributed to John Edward Gray, who used the name in his 1873 book Hand-list of the specimens of shield reptiles in the British Museum. After the 1990s, Project Angonoka started ecological research on the tortoise and the development of conservation plans that involved the communities surrounding the habitat. In 1997 the Madagascar government created Baie de Baly National Park to conserve to tortoise, and the first five captive-bred tortoises were released back into the wild in the park in 1998 by the DWCT. In 1996, 75 tortoises were stolen, which later appeared for sale in the Netherlands. Monitoring of the angonoka tortoise in the global pet trade has also continued to be advocated. 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