This plant has a very unusual look for a fern, which is typically green. Nearly all ferns grow best in moist but well-drained soil, though some will thrive in dry shade. She has filled her woodland garden in snowy Stowe, Vermont, with a tapestry of different types of hardy ferns that fill her zone 3 shade garden with grace and texture. The large, green fronds around the outside of the plant are sterile, while the cinnamon-colored fronds that grow from the middle of the plant are fertile and plume-like. Instead, they grow on other plants or trees in their native habitats. Suitable for: This plant is easy to grow and often grown as ornamental plants. Fertilizer is leached out of container grown plants quicker than it is leached from garden soil. With more than 20,000 species, it's easy to find one or two ferns that appeal to a gardener's taste. It also requires soil rich in organic matter. Sunlight Requirement: Partial to full shade, USDA Hardiness Zone: 9-11 (for growing outdoor), Suitable for: Groundcover in shaded areas in your garden. Many spread or naturalize through creeping rhizomes, covering a larger area over time. Being one of the tallest ferns types out there, the Ostrich fern can reach up to 1.5 meters in height. It needs regular watering to keep the soil moist, but not soggy. The Crocodile Fern, sometimes known as an alligator fern a Crocodylus fern or a crocodile plant, is a fern native to Australia with a slightly unusual texture on its leathery crinkled fronds that resembles a crocodile’s skin. It needs compost-rich well-drained soil with regular watering. This is one of the most popular ferns for an indoor houseplant. ... Today, Boston fern is still a top pick for indoor and outdoor settings. Like most ferns, it enjoys moist, rich soil and does best in a position of shade. Natural potting soil gives good results. In fact there are so many different types that collecting them can become addictive. Instead, they grow on other plants or trees in their native habitats and needs to be mounted. Saved from s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com. Evergreen in warmer climates with consistently moist soil. Not tolerant of drought at all, the Australian tree fern needs weekly watering to keep the soil moist at all times. Ferns are versatile, and there are many types to grow to suit your garden. Jan 15, 2020 - list of different fern types & varieties with name & image, large, small fern plants that grow outdoor/indoor as potted houseplant, what types can take full sun A tall, wide variety with a unique appearance where the veins of the fronds create a feathery net-like pattern. Ferns. This plant requires high humidity and needs watering 1-2 times a week depending on the soil condition. Place this artificial fern inside an existing hanging pot, or arrange it on a TV stand to bring the outdoors inside. Evergreen plants growing dark green glossy leathery fronds. She has filled her woodland garden in snowy Stowe, Vermont, with a tapestry of different types of hardy ferns that fill her zone 3 shade garden with grace and texture. Types of Outdoor Ferns. Java fern has several variants, which have different leaf shapes such as “trident”, “lance”, and “needle”. During the day they like temperatures between 70 and 75 F. (21-24 C.), and slightly cooler temperatures at night. Some ferns grow in sun while others prefer shade. Suitable for: Hanging planters; good for groundcover when growing outdoors. While it is true that these ferns prefer to be kept in moist conditions, they are actually fairly drought-tolerant once mature. 18 Different Types of Indoor and Outdoor Ferns with Pictures, Kangaroo Paw Fern (Microsorum diversifolium), Crocodile Fern (Microsorium musifolium ‘Crocydyllus’), American Maidenhair Fern (Adiantum pedatum), Northern Maidenhair Fern (Adiantum pedatum aleuticum), Southern Maidenhair Fern (Adiantum capillus-venerus), Japanese Painted Fern (Athyrium niponicum pictum), Tatting Fern (Athyrium filix-femina 'Frizelliae'), Lady in Red Fern (Athyrium filix-femina 'Lady in Red'), Silver Falls Japanese Painted Fern (Athyrium niponicum 'Silver Falls'), Marginal Wood Fern (Dryopteris marginalis), Crested Buckler Fern (Dryopteris dilitata 'Cristata'), Japanese Maple Tree - Care and Growing Tips, Different Types of Maple Trees with Pictures, Best Christmas Tree Farms in North Hampton, NH, Fiddle Leaf Fig Tree - Optimal Growing and Care Tips, 8 Indoor Hanging Plants That You Can Grow Indoors, 10 Super Easy Types of Echeveria That You'll Love, 7 Best Bathroom Plants For the High Humidity Environment, Terrarium Plants - 17+ Plants to Grow in Your Terrarium. The plant is hardy through USDA growing zones 4 to 9, making it suitable for growth in a wide range of climates. for 1+3, enter 4. How to grow ferns. The plant likes its soil to be kept consistently moist, but it does not like to be in soggy soil. Suitable for: Shaded gardens, borders in large gardens, outdoor container planting. Indoor Ferns Outdoor Plants Outdoor Gardens Potted Plants Fern Houseplant Fern Plant Cannabis Ferns Care Types Of Ferns What Are Different Ferns To Grow As Houseplants? The fern derives its name from the ostrich tail-like fronds, that are adorned with strong leaves that can grow up to 20 inches. It is suitable only for growing outdoors in USDA hardiness zones 8 to 10, where winter temperatures do not drop too low. It likes to be kept in moist but not wet conditions, and so, relies on a well-draining soil to thrive. Sunlight Requirement: Indirect sun or full shade, Suitable for: Groundcover, underplanting for flowers and ornamental bushes, outdoor large hanging planters. Trees.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. it can be situated in the shade. Many types of ferns are easy to grow in full sun conditions, but the key is to provide them with consistently moist soil to prevent the plants from drying out. Keep it away from direct sunlight and try keeping it moist without turning soggy. As you might expect from the name, this plant is a native of Australia. An ostrich fern in dry soil will be unable to cope with direct sun and will suffer from scorched leaves. These ferns are epiphytes, which means that they do not grow rooted in soil. If you’re looking for a large fern to fill a boggy corner of your garden, then an osmunda fern would be a great choice, as they are among the tallest fern you can grow at home. It grows well in regular moist soil and can thrive in a relatively salty soil near the seaside climate areas too. The name comes from the leathery small compact round button like leaves, attached to a long curvy stem that turns dark red as the plant matures. New leaves growing in the spring are always interesting to note. Different cultivars of this plant are available, some of which produce even more vivid foliage colors. Brake Fern adapts well to average indoor conditions, earning it another common name: Table Fern or Ribbon fern. It is these fronds that give the plant its common name, as they are similar in appearance to cinnamon sticks. Whether they add depth and dark green accents to your garden, spruce up a terrarium, or just remind you of scenes from Jurassic Park, ferns are truly remarkable plants. Suitable for: Companion planting along with flowers like plantain lilies, foamflowers, and coral bells. They require medium or low light and high humidity. 675 Hill Road Robesonia PA 19551 610-750-4186. bill@keystonewildflowers.com Sunlight Requirement: Indirect sunlight to full shade (15-25°C (55-80°F). Ostrich Fern. It has decorative fronds that grow in clods that look like tail feathers of an ostrich, but they are sterile. This plant required medium indirect sunlight and is not suited for intense, direct sun. It needs regular watering to keep the soil moist, but not soggy. Boston ferns need bright but indirect sunlight. There are a number of outdoor ferns to choose from with the following being the most common: The Boston Fern is one of the best types of ferns you can have for hanging baskets, and it’s immensely popular for indoor and outdoor growth due to the easier growing requirements. (You will end up with free plants!) The fiddleheads of certain ferns, including the western sword, ostrich, and royal are edible, commonly eaten as a vegetable. It is suitable for growing in USDA hardiness zones 4 through 8 and can survive periods of drought once established. Most varieties of Athryium ferns thrive in damp, shady borders where their delicate fronds form a lush, mounding groundcover. Types of Ferns to Grow Outdoors. Varieties of osmunda ferns include the following. This plant is not known to be toxic, but still, the best practice is always to keep houseplants out of reach of small children and pets. It has a low-growing spreading habit, so some care is needed to keep its growth in check in a pot. Originating in Canada and the US, this fern is the tallest and most majestic of all outdoor ferns. The biggest difference is that the Birds Nest fern is tropical, and therefore not winter hardy, while the Harts Tongue fern is evergreen and hardy down to zone 6. Common Types of Ferns However, it will not do well in soggy soil. Ferns: hardy. It is fairly cold hardy, suitable for growing in USDA hardiness zones 3 to 8. Suitable for: Hanging planters; lace-like appearance creates a nice contrast with other ferns. This list of winter hardy fern varieties has lots of perennial fern species you can use – tall ferns, evergreen ferns, short ferns and even a few ferns that will grow in the sun. With their feather-like foliage and lush growth even in shady places, ferns are striking additions to a garden or home. Whether they add depth and dark green accents to your garden, spruce up a terrarium, or just remind you of scenes from Jurassic Park, ferns are truly remarkable plants. The plant enjoys high humidity, so it is well suited to life in a bathroom. Nearly Natural 6032-S2 40” Boston Fern (Set of 2), Green, 2 Piece, $39.52; 20 OSTRICH GLADE FERN Rhizome/root- (Matteuccia struthiopteris), $34.39; LSKY 4 Pack Artificial Ferns Plants Artificial Shrubs Boston Fern Bush Plant Greenery Bushes Fake Ferns UV Protected for Home Kitchen Garden Wall Decor Indoor Outdoor Use, $9.99 Height/Width: 20–98 in; 6–15 centimetres (2.4–5.9 in) broad, Sunlight Requirement: Requires filtered, indirect sunlight. In zones 9-11, Boston fern can be planted directly in the ground. Holly Ferns: This variety has three to four inch dark green leaves that resemble those on holly bushes and are heat, light and water tolerant. Problems With Outdoor Ferns. It is a native of north-eastern Australia. There are thousands of types of ferns, growing in all types of environments, from desserts to rain forests. It is easy to take care of as long as you plant it in well-drained fertile soil, allow any excess water to pass through the soil. This plant is truly beautiful, offering up a work of art in your garden. Its stems are a deep purple-black, standing out nicely against the delicate green foliage. Needs plenty of humidity and regular pruning of dead and discolored fronds to survive and grow. They tend to be of a medium-size, which makes them suitable for planting in most gardens, and they are exceptionally tough for ferns. Birds Nest and Harts Tongue Ferns – We included two types of ferns here because both these ferns are very similar in appearance. The kangaroo paw fern is an interesting plant; it can be epiphytic, growing in crevices of rocks or on tree trunks, but it can also be grown in soil. Ostrich ferns like moist soil and shade. This fern has a vigorous vertical habit, growing upright to heights of up to 24 inches and 3 feet in width. Suitable for: Dark green feathery arching fronds make it suitable for hanging planters, and balconies. Outdoor ferns prefer partially shaded areas of the garden, while indoor ferns like as much light as possible as long as it's not directly sunlight. It is a native of north-eastern Australia. Produces copper or brown fertile flower spikes. Big, bold outdoor ferns add character and beauty to porches, decks, and terraces. Does well with occasional indirect sunlight. Ensure it is planted in well-draining soil to allow any excess water to pass through the soil and out of the pot’s drainage holes. Plant it in a shaded corner of your garden where it will thrive in moist conditions. Slow release fertilizer for garden ferns should only be done annually in the spring. In all climates, they need protection from afternoon sun to prevent drying and leaf scorch. It is a perfect indoor plant with its air-purifying powerhouse nature and can thrive well in low light conditions. Tiny plantlets grow from the frond-edges of mature plants, earning its name. Sunlight Requirement: Bright indirect sun. Can grow half or fully submerged in water, and has a slow growth rate. Boston Fern The hard fern (Blechnum spicant) and the shuttlecock fern (Matteuccia struthiopteris), are invaluable shade plants. Ferns are proven to be one of the oldest existence around for over 350 million years. These unique ferns are often looked upon as living art rather than as houseplants. Staghorn ferns are most commonly grown mounted on wood in the style of antlers, as the unusual foliage bears a resemblance to those of the staghorn. However, unlike some other fern varieties, the birds nest fern is forgiving of occasionally dry conditions. Ostrich ferns (genus Matteuccia) are one of the tallest types of outdoor fern for your garden. This plant can be cultivated in the water or half submerged, and it looks great when floating in the tank. They aren’t well suited to a spot on a sunny windowsill; instead, keep them out of direct light by placing them on a table in a bright room. Not tolerant of drought at all, the Australian tree fern needs weekly watering to keep the soil moist at all times. Northern maidenhair ferns are hardy through USDA growing zones 4 to 8 (Better Homes and Gardens). Evergreen plants remain green and lush throughout the year. Some types of ferns will freeze during the winter. Indoors, position the staghorn fern in a spot that gets plenty of bright but indirect light, while if kept outdoors. Ferns make a lovely addition to gardens, and despite their delicate appearance, many varieties are hardy enough to tolerate both hot and cold conditions throughout the year. Types of wood ferns ideal for outdoor growing include the autumn fern (Dryopteris erythrosora), crested buckler-fern (Dryopteris cristata), leatherleaf fern (Rumohra adiantiformis), and marginal wood fern (Dryopteris marginalis). It is hardy through USDA growing zones 5 to 9 and has an expected size of 2 feet high and 2 feet wide. This plant is truly beautiful, offering up a work of art in your garden. Unlike most ferns, this plant actually benefits from a few hours of sun each day. There are many ferns to choose from. Not exactly a houseplant as it is popular as an aquarium plant, there are various leaf shapes available, like ‘lance’, ‘needle’, and ‘trident’. Suitable for: Decks and porches and covered patios. We may earn a commission for purchases using our links. If you have a generous space in a shaded corner to fill, then this plant could be for you, though steer clear of it if you like to keep things neat and tidy because it does have a habit to get a little unruly and will takeover any nearby plants you are growing. Learn more about the beautiful ferns native to Pennsylvania that are offered by Keystone Wildflowers. Ferns are luxuriant foliage plants that come in diverse forms, leaf shapes and textures. It can survive only in warm temperatures and will die at the slightest hint of cold. Suitable for: Indoor Hanging planters, balcony gardens. This fern is wider than it is tall, making it a useful ground cover under trees. Well-drained moist soil is best for the growth of blue star fern. As with most ferns, this plant enjoys high humidity, so mist it daily or use a pebble tray, or grow it in a naturally humid room such as a bathroom. Use outdoor ferns in hanging baskets, window boxes, urns, and planters. A delicate fern with attractive dark green fronds that work well for soft water aquariums, the African water fern is also easy to take care of once established. Some ferns are hardy, meaning they can tolerate outdoor conditions in colder or more temperate climates. Types of lady ferns include the following. Your email address will not be published. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. Suitable for: Ground cover, hedges, and mass planting for summer gardens as it sheds its leaves in winter. Many of them are natives, well adjusted to the growing conditions of various Southern regions. Scientific name: Athyrium niponicum pictum, Sunlight Requirement: Partial sun to full shade. Learning how to take care of ferns depends mostly on the type you grow. They can thrive well in low light indoor conditions, bringing much-needed greenery to the dull corners of your house and garden even in winters. If you aren’t available for misting your plants on a daily basis, then ferns might not be for you, although you could consider investing in a humidifier instead. They are varying shades of green and rely on constantly moist soil and high humidity to survive. The large blue-green fronds are tough enough to hold their shape and divide into multiple fingers to form a star-like shape. This plant likes very warm climates, and so for most people, it is suitable only to be grown as a houseplant. Nearly all ferns grow best in moist but well-drained soil, though some will thrive in dry shade. This plant is hardy through USDA zones 3 to 6, and like other osmunda ferns, prefers to be grown in moist or wet soil. Home > Gardening > 50+ Types of Ferns (Indoor and Outdoor Species of Ferns) By definition, a fern is a vascular, flowerless plant with leafy fronds that produce spores for reproduction. Ferns are susceptible to freezing, so if you live in a setting that experiences frost, you should plan to bring your ferns inside for the winter. This fern gets its name from its glossy green leaves, which have a leathery texture. Here are five types to consider: Christmas Fern. It also has shorter fronds, just about 12-20 inches high that grow later, and they have spores that are responsible … They are one of the most popular types of plants for shady areas because they thrive in low light and give much needed green and life to the dark and dull corners of gardens and houses.. Mature leaves have long dark brown marks – the sori containing the spores. This large fern produces majestic fronds that can unfurl to up to 5 feet in length, giving the plant a wild vase shape. These easy-care plants thrive in low-light conditions, making them an ideal choice for sheltered situations. Never try to cover these growths with soil as that will lead to root rot. With its long dark green fronds that look more like leaves, this one has a unique appearance. Some favorite hardy ferns include the evergreen Christmas fern ( Polystichum acrostichoides ), cinnamon-frond autumn ferns ( Dryopteris erythrosora ), and nearly evergreen Himalayan maidenhair ( Adiantum venustum ). Mar 4, 2013 - Explore Teresa Katz's board "Types of ferns" on Pinterest. This board is dedicated to all the different varieties in types of fern. Humidity in homes is generally low, but you can increase this by using a pebble tray, a humidifier, or by giving you plant a daily water mist spray. 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